Part 2…An important message for residents and tourists in Marloth Park…

This is a Bovine Tuberculosis infected kudu we spotted only the day after we were educated on this dreadful disease impacting mainly kudus in Marloth Park.

“Sighting of the Day in the Bush”

Another view of an Egyptian goose (from yesterday’s post here) who is recovering from an amputated foot due to a severe injury.  He’s recovering well and will soon take flight.

First, it’s imperative we qualify today’s post with this important and heartfelt message:  We are not wildlife experts in any manner, nor do we profess to be.  The miniscule amount of education we’ve had on Bovine Tuberculosis has been gleaned from others and by reading online scientific reports from universities and veterinary medical resources.  We do not intend to express opinions or engage in any controversial conservation issues of which there are many.  Our intent is purely to report what we’ve heard, seen and read about potential means to reduce the incidence of Bovine Tuberculosis here in Marloth Park and save these magnificent animals from extinction in this magical place.

From this scientific abstract at this site:

“Abstract
Five kudus (Tragelaphus strepsiceros), three bulls and two cows, within the Greater Kruger National Park complex, were diagnosed with generalized tuberculosis caused by Mycobacterium bovis. The lesions seen in these animals were similar to those previously reported in kudus and included severe tuberculous lymphadenitis of the nodes of the head and neck (that resulted in noticeable uni- or bilateral swelling beneath the ear), thorax, and the mesentery. All the animals also suffered from severe granulomatous pneumonia. The lesions in the lungs were more severe cranially and had a miliary distribution elsewhere in the lungs. Based on the DNA patterns of the M. bovis isolates, at least some of these kudus were infected with strains commonly present in tuberculous buffaloes, lions, cheetahs, and baboons in the Park whereas other strains from these kudus were quite different and may reflect another source of infection. The presence of tuberculous kudus in the Park is expected to complicate control measures that may be instituted to contain or eradicate the disease in the Park.

Here is another scientific report to review:
https://repository.up.ac.za/bitstream/handle/2263/18952/35keet2001.pdf?sequence=1

When we took the above main photo of this kudu with Bovine Tuberculosis we immediately contacted Evan with the Marloth Park Honorary Rangers to notify the rangers of this kudu with TB.  Sadly, this infectious animal had to be euthanized.

Most likely, in contact with other kudus, many other kudus will have become infected through saliva and other bodily fluids.  At this point, there is no known vaccine or treatment available to treat or cure Bovine Tuberculosis, a dreadful and painful condition affecting animals in Kruger National Park as well as here in Marloth Park.

According to local medical professionals, the kudu we spotted is only one isolated case of many that have already been infected in the park.  Eventually, the death toll could be staggering.  Also, other wildlife carries the disease which may or may not exhibit symptoms.


There’s no means, at this point of eradicating TB other than removing all kudus from Marloth Park and starting over with an entirely new healthy generation of kudus.  From our understanding, even newborn kudus from an infected mother will have the disease.

We look at all the beautiful kudus here in the park and can’t imagine so many are sick.  Perhaps, we all can take it upon ourselves to look for signs of TB in our visiting and grazing kudus throughout the park and immediately report the time and location of the sighting. 

Here are some of the more obvious indicators that we may be able to detect in visiting kudus:
1.  Tumors on the head, face, and neck
2.  Excessive salivation
3.  Curly hair on otherwise straight-haired antelope
4.   Sores on the hooves

Of course, we asked, “What can be done to abate the spread of this disease?  Is there anything homeowners, holiday renters and property managers can do to reduce the risk?”

Although the disease cannot be eradicated by any of our efforts, it can be controlled to a degree by residents implementing the following steps:

1.  First and foremost, is to stop feeding wildlife in troughs.  This is the quickest way TB is contracted between infected and healthy animals. 
2.  Regularly and consistently clean out waterholes, removing all the water and washing the foundation in hot soapy water, rinsing thoroughly and replacing with fresh, clean water.  This should be done at least once a week.  No doubt there are waterholes no one in particular controls, but the goal is to “reduce” the risk of infections, if at all possible.
3.  If you feed wildlife in bowls or other small containers, wash them daily with hot soapy water.
4.  Regularly and consistently wash bird feeders in the same manner as above.  As we all are aware, kudus will eat from bird feeders if they can reach them.

Currently, there is no surefire test for tuberculosis in kudu. Deidre of Wild & Free Rehabilitation and Dr. Dawid Rudolph are working toward developing an accurate test for TB in kudu but funding and research must be satisfied to accomplish this monumental feat.

Deidre Joubert-Huyse (no relation to the owners of the property) is a kind, dedicated and hardworking individual committed to rescuing and releasing injured and ill wildlife that fit within the guidelines of safe future release.  Deidre explained that she often has to make tough decisions but, always with the best interests of the animal as a top priority.  Her primary concern at this time is tuberculosis in kudu while she continues to aid in the recovery of many wild animals at her facility in Hectorspruit. Her Facebook page is found here.

There are no easy answers here.  And, with all the best intentions in the world residents in Marloth Park can only do so much.  The love of the majestic kudus and other wildlife in the park has become a way of life for many, not only from a caring and emotional place but also from the reality of generating interest in attracting tourists to holiday homes and small businesses located in the park.

We share this message today with a sense of sorrow and hope, that perhaps if all residents band together in efforts to aid in the reduction of the risks and spread of Bovine TB for the kudu and other wildlife, change may eventually come to fruition.

Yes, we know.  We’re only here in Marloth Park for a short time, one year total, as a part of our continuing non-stop world travels, which is nothing compared to the many years most of you have cared for, loved and nourished these fine animals. 

However, these recent circumstances as outlined in yesterday’s and today’s stories made us feel compelled to share this message and support your efforts big and small, in effecting a change in the reducing the potential for tuberculosis among the kudus (and other wildlife) in Marloth Park.

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Photo from one year ago today, June 6, 2017:

Daphne Islet in Victoria, British Columbia.  For more photos, please click here.

Part 1…An important message for residents and tourists in Marloth Park…

One of two barn owls in an outdoor cage. Deidre released this own into the wild last night.  Here is the video from the release.

 “Sighting of the Day in the Bush”

This is the more colorful male of the snake eating peacocks, happily visiting the grounds of Wild & Free Rehabilitation.

We met Deidre Joubert-Huyse at “movie night in the bush” on February 25th shortly after we’d arrived in Marloth Park, which was hosted as a fundraiser for Wild & Free Wildlife Rehabilitation. That post may be found here.

We were interested in the event and the intent of the rehab facility with its focus on rescuing ill and injured wildlife in Marloth Park and surrounding areas.  A few days after the event, we met with Lisa one of Deidre’s assistants, who’d hosted the event at her home here in the park and who’d rescued a number of bushbabies with the plan to return them to the wild which has since been accomplished.  That post may be found here.

We drove through a beautiful orange grove in order to arrive at the Wild & Free Rescue, Rehabilitate and Release facility in Hectorspruit, located about 30 minutes from Marloth Park.

When we think of rescue centers, we often recall visiting an array of rescue facilities we’ve visited throughout our world travels.  Although many of these facilities did in fact rescue animals to rehabilitate and release into the wild, many did so only to present them as “zoo” animals for which the owners and managers would generate revenue from tourists. 

Although not true in many cases, this discovery has been disheartening over these past years of world travel.  We couldn’t avoid feeling that the animals were exploited by leading the public to believe the ultimate intentions of the facility owners were to indeed aid in wildlife conservation when it fact, it was not.

Deidre Joubert Huyse, who developed and runs the rescue facility met us at a local petrol station and we followed her to the centre.  We’d had a hard time finding it without her assistance.  For Wild & Free’s Facebook page, please click here.

Thus, when we attended “movie night in the bush” some months ago, we took it with a grain of salt.  Was this another case of a few people who love animals, caring for them for their own personal gain and altruistic reasons? How wrong we were!  In this case, we loved being wrong!

As the months passed and we’ve become more knowledgeable about the health and well-being of wildlife in Marloth and Kruger National Park and, as we listened to endless conversations revolving around varying opinions on how wildlife health should be handled, Deidre’s name came up over and over again, always with the utmost of regard for her work, skill and dedication.

We were impressed by the organization, cleanliness, and commitment evidenced in the facility.

Most recently, as mentioned in an earlier post which may be found here, we were inspired by Marloth Park Honorary Rangers Uschie and Evan to write a story on alien invasive plants that are impacting not only the park but areas throughout the world.  That post may be found here.

After an orientation of the impact of alien invasive plants, Uschie and Evan gave us an entirely new perspective of plant life and wildlife, particularly here in Marloth Park.  For us, it changed everything.

Wild & Free is supported through donations for the facility, the medical care and the feeding of the various wildlife that are rescued by Deidre and her staff.

Sure, it’s enticing and easy to get caught up in the magic of the visiting wildlife in the park and the “fun” of self-driving through Kruger National Park, sharing photos and receiving “oohs, aahs and likes” from our worldwide readers when we post photos that appeal to their tastes.

But…there’s so much more than that.  And, with our vast local and worldwide audience, we are entrenched in the perfect arena to “get a message out” about the protection and preservation of that which surrounds us here in Marloth Park and throughout the world.

The ground surrounding Wild & Free is located on the Crocodile River at the ultimately most exquisite river view we’ve seen anywhere in the world, a perfect environment for rescuing and recovering wildlife by Deidre’s dedication and commitment.

No, we’re not going to become banner-wielding enthusiasts to distract us from the primary intent of our site…living as homeless nomads as we travel the world for as long as we physically can.  Our daily posts encompassing the joys we derive from the wildlife we encounter and the scenery we behold will never change.

When Uschie and Evan explained the symptoms and horrors of bovine tuberculosis and how’s its impacting kudus in Marloth Park, we were both heartsick with this information.  What could anyone do?  Was there something we could do?  This story over the next few days will explain everything.

Deidre had to amputate the foot of this Egyptian goose who suffered a severe injury after being tangled in fishing line.  Its only been three weeks since his surgery but he’s adapting well and will eventually be able to return to the wild.  For now, he happily stays on the grounds of the facility. 

We left their home with this bit of knowledge unsure of where to take it from there.  Ironically, the next day, while on our usual almost-daily two-hour drive through the park searching for the unusual, for the first time, we spotted a kudu with the obvious signs of tuberculosis on her face, large bulbous tumors that can manifest all over their bodies.  (Photos we took of this kudu will follow in tomorrow’s post, Part 2).

Had we not met with Uschie and Evan the prior day, we’d have dismissed these tumor-like structures on her face as some type of birth defects or physical anomaly.  Instead, we forwarded the photos to Evan and he reported it to the rangers who’d have no choice but to find and euthanize the diseased kudu.  Bovine TB is highly contagious to other kudus and wildlife (not necessarily spread to humans).

These two genets were soon to be released into the wild.  These two were at the facility due to urbanization of their natural habitat and they were separated from their mothers.

From there, in our discussions with others, Deidre’s name kept coming up along with the government vet, Dr. Dawid, who is working with Deidre in an attempt to discover ways to possibly control the spread of this life-taking disease among kudus (and possibly other animals as well) via adequate testing which is in its infancy.

So, here we are, especially after meeting with Deidre yesterday at her amazing facility in Hectorspruit, finding ourselves committed and dedicated to sharing this newfound information with those who may be able to play a role in saving the lives of many kudus.

The scenery surrounding the rescue centre is so astounding it took our breath away.  It bespeaks a “healing” environment.

Thanks to Deidre and all her hard work and unbridled dedication in aiding in the genuine and dedicated rescue and release of many species that surround us in magnificent South Africa and in her research and intent to have an impact on Bovine TB. 

A special thanks to  MP Honorary Rangers Uschie and Evan for contributing their time to educating us on these important issues in Marloth Park.  We still have a lot to learn and will continue to seek information from those who can teach us so much.

These peacocks are known to kill snakes with the utmost of expertise and precision.  They hang around the rescue center each day, pecking off seeds and various treats they find on the grounds.  These are the females.

Tomorrow, we’ll share how we each of us can play a vital role in reducing the spread of this horrible disease affecting the gorgeous wildlife in Marloth Park.  Please check back for more.

Wild & Free Rehabilitation may be reached here for donations.

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Photo from one year ago today, June 5, 2017:

Buildings on the grounds of the Butcharts Gardens.  For more photos, please click here.